With 58.3 ha in size and a circumference of 3.5km, Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden blends three distinct styles, French Formal Garden, English Landscape Garden and Japanese Traditional Garden, and is considered to be the representative modern western-style garden in the Meiji era.
The site of Shinjuku Gyoen was one part of the land being given to Kiyonari Naito, a “daimyo” (feudal lord), by Ieyasu Tokugawa in 1590. Kiyokazu, the seventh generation of Naito family, became the lord of Takato castle in Shinshu region, constructed Edo residence. The origin of Shinjuku Gyoen was based Edo residence of the Naito family.
In 1872, in order to promote modern agriculture in Japan, the government established “Naito Shinjuku Experimental Station”. In 1879 it newly started out as “Shinjuku Imperial Botanical Garden” belonging to the Ministry of Imperial Household. Shinjuku Gyoen was completed in 1906 as the first imperial garden. It was re-designated as a national garden after the Second World War and opened to the public.
|Address||11 Naito-machi, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo Shinjuku Gyoen National Garden|
|Business hours, regular holiday||Business hours: From 09:00 to 16:00
（Gates close at 16:30）
[Closed days] Every Monday（if a Monday is a public holiday, then closed the following weekday.）, December 29 to January 3
[Special open days] From March 25 to April 24, from 1 to 15 on November (without holiday during period)
|The nearest station, access||
It is a 10-minute walk from the JR Shinjuku Station south exit
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